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China high quality 35kv 72V 2500rpm D107L165 Waterproof Electric DC Motor 5000W for Outboard Engine vacuum pump brakes

Product Description

Applications

Applications:
Suitable for low rpm high torque gearless use, working with compatible propeller, working voltage from 48V to 160V

1. Boat engine
2. Electric Outboard conversion
3. Underwater thruster
4. Others
 

 

Dyno Tester Report

D107L165 at 35Kv
Item No. C_Voltage
(V)
C_Current
(A)
C_Input Power(W) M_Voltage
(V)
M_Current
(A)
M_Input Power(W) M_Efficiency
(%)
M_Speed
(rpm)
M_Torque
(N*m)
M_Output Power(W)
0 72.379997 16.440001 1178.199951 53.259998 13.35 1142.640015 90.00571 2500 3.928004 1571.380981
1 72.330002 27.43 1947.189941 53.16 22.68 1907.28571 92.838242 2421 6.984004 1770.685303
2 72.279999 38.52 2693.75711 53.139999 32.080002 2640.389893 93.235573 2347 10.016005 2461.782715
3 72.239998 49.68 3409.659912 53.189999 41.439999 3346.429932 92.795982 2281 13.000005 3105.352539
4 72.199997 61.52 4131.629883 53.259998 51.119999 4053.52002 91.954201 2219 16.040005 3727.38208
5 72.160004 73.849998 4843.870117 53.34 60.919998 4752.109863 90.859413 2160 19.088005 4317.739258
6 72.120003 86.699997 5560.919922 53.43 71 5446.080078 89.557732 2104 22.136005 4877.385742
7 72.089996 99.269997 6253.899902 53.490002 80.790001 6107.339844 88.257195 2051 25.080006 5386.856445

 

Other Motors

 

 

Product Description

With an advanced 10-pole encapsulated core and 107mm diameter at 165mm length, this series compact DC motors deliver high torque up to 55 N.M with maximum output power at 30KW.  

Thanks to the unique sealing configuration design, these motors are tested waterproof IP68 according to ingress protection class, and can be operated permanently underwater and applied in dusty environments.

1. Working voltage: 72V
2. Rated Power: 5000W
3. Max Speed: 2500 rpm
5. Rated Torque: 30N*m 
6. CHINAMFG Torque: 56N*m
7. Motor Efficiency: >88%

 

 

Product Parameters

Variants D107L165-160 D107L165-140 D107L165-120 D107L165-106 D107L165-95 D107L165-85
Winding turn & connection 2.5T 3T 3.5T 4T 4.5T 5T
Voltage range(LiPo) 6-14S    (20-58.8V) 8-16S    (25-67.2V) 8-18S    (25-75.6V) 10-20S(32-84V) 12-24S   (36-108.8V) 12-26S   (36-109.2V)
Max Spin Speed(RPM) 9,408  9,408  9,072  8,904  9,567  9,282 
Speed Constance kV(RPM/V)  160 140 120 106 95 85
Torque Constance Kt(N*M/A) 0.5715 0. 0571 9 0.08084 0.09239 0.10384 0.11549
Current @12V without Loading(A) 5.0  4.8  4.2  3.8  3.2  2.5 
Max Power (KW)  31.0  31.0  28.0  28.0  32.0  30.0 
Max torque@60%(N*M) 56.0  56.0  56.2 56.0  55.0  55.5 
(Rating Torque) (N*M) 28.0  28.0  28.0  29.0  29.0  30.0 
Peak Current (A)  1,000 835 715 625  555 500
Max Efficiency  91.00% 91.00% 92.00% 92% 93.00% 93.00%
Weight (kg) 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.1
Construction 12N/10P
Cooling Solution water cooling +air cooling
Max working temperature 120ºC
Dimension Refer to the outline dimension drawing
Shaft Dimension  D15*L30
Lead wires extension  6AWGx300mm
Insulation voltage & leak current AC500V/10MA/3S
Working Life 8000H

 

Customize per your request

Motor drawing

 

  

Wiring Diagram

/* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Application: Boat Engine / Underwater Thruster
Operating Speed: Adjust Speed
Excitation Mode: Permanent Magnet
Samples:
US$ 850/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

per motor drawing
Customization:
Available

|

.shipping-cost-tm .tm-status-off{background: none;padding:0;color: #1470cc}

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

dc motor

What are the key differences between brushed and brushless DC motors?

Brushed and brushless DC motors are two distinct types of motors that differ in their construction, operation, and performance characteristics. Here’s a detailed explanation of the key differences between brushed and brushless DC motors:

1. Construction:

Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors have a relatively simple construction. They consist of a rotor with armature windings and a commutator, and a stator with permanent magnets or electromagnets. The commutator and brushes make physical contact to provide electrical connections to the armature windings.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors have a more complex construction. They typically consist of a stationary stator with permanent magnets or electromagnets and a rotor with multiple coils or windings. The rotor does not have a commutator or brushes.

2. Commutation:

Brushed DC Motors: In brushed DC motors, the commutator and brushes are responsible for the commutation process. The brushes make contact with different segments of the commutator, reversing the direction of the current through the armature windings as the rotor rotates. This switching of the current direction generates the necessary torque for motor rotation.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors use electronic commutation instead of mechanical commutation. The commutation process is managed by an external electronic controller or driver. The controller determines the timing and sequence of energizing the stator windings based on the rotor position, allowing for precise control of motor operation.

3. Efficiency:

Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors tend to have lower efficiency compared to brushless DC motors. This is primarily due to the energy losses associated with the brushes and commutation process. The friction and wear between the brushes and commutator result in additional power dissipation and reduce overall motor efficiency.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors are known for their higher efficiency. Since they eliminate the use of brushes and commutators, there are fewer energy losses and lower frictional losses. The electronic commutation system allows for precise control of the motor’s operation, maximizing efficiency and reducing power consumption.

4. Maintenance:

Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors require regular maintenance due to the wear and tear of the brushes and commutator. The brushes need periodic replacement, and the commutator requires cleaning to maintain proper electrical contact. The maintenance requirements contribute to additional costs and downtime for brushed DC motors.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors have a relatively maintenance-free operation. As they do not have brushes or commutators, there is no need for brush replacement or commutator cleaning. This results in reduced maintenance costs and increased reliability of brushless DC motors.

5. Speed Control:

Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors offer simpler speed control options. The speed can be controlled by adjusting the applied voltage or by varying the resistance in the armature circuit. This allows for relatively straightforward speed regulation.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors provide more advanced and precise speed control capabilities. The speed can be controlled through the electronic commutation system by adjusting the timing and sequence of the stator windings’ energization. This allows for precise control of the motor’s speed and acceleration.

These key differences between brushed and brushless DC motors make each type suitable for different applications depending on factors such as efficiency requirements, maintenance considerations, and control complexity.

dc motor

How do DC motors compare to AC motors in terms of performance and efficiency?

When comparing DC (Direct Current) motors and AC (Alternating Current) motors, several factors come into play, including performance and efficiency. Here’s a detailed explanation of how DC motors and AC motors compare in terms of performance and efficiency:

1. Performance:

Speed Control: DC motors typically offer better speed control compared to AC motors. DC motors can be easily controlled by varying the voltage applied to the armature, allowing for precise and smooth speed regulation. On the other hand, AC motors rely on complex control methods such as variable frequency drives (VFDs) to achieve speed control, which can be more challenging and costly.

Starting Torque: DC motors generally provide higher starting torque compared to AC motors. The presence of a separate field winding in DC motors allows for independent control of the field current, enabling higher torque during motor startup. AC motors, especially induction motors, typically have lower starting torque, requiring additional starting mechanisms or devices.

Reversibility: DC motors offer inherent reversibility, meaning they can easily change their rotational direction by reversing the polarity of the applied voltage. AC motors, particularly induction motors, require more complex control mechanisms to achieve reversible operation.

Dynamic Response: DC motors have faster dynamic response characteristics compared to AC motors. They can quickly accelerate or decelerate, making them suitable for applications that require rapid changes in speed or precise control, such as robotics or servo systems.

2. Efficiency:

Full Load Efficiency: AC motors, especially three-phase induction motors, generally exhibit higher full load efficiencies compared to DC motors. This efficiency advantage is primarily due to the absence of commutation and the use of a rotating magnetic field in AC motors, which results in reduced energy losses and improved efficiency.

Partial Load Efficiency: DC motors can have higher efficiency at partial loads compared to AC motors. DC motors can be controlled by adjusting the armature voltage, allowing them to operate at reduced power while maintaining relatively high efficiency. AC motors, especially induction motors, may experience reduced efficiency at partial loads due to factors such as increased iron losses and reduced power factor.

Regenerative Braking: DC motors offer the advantage of regenerative braking, where the motor acts as a generator and converts kinetic energy into electrical energy during deceleration or braking. This regenerative braking capability allows for energy recovery, increasing overall system efficiency. AC motors typically require additional components or systems to achieve regenerative braking.

Power Factor: AC motors, when properly designed and operated, can have a power factor close to unity. This means that they draw relatively low reactive power from the electrical grid, resulting in improved power system efficiency. DC motors, on the other hand, may exhibit a lower power factor and require power factor correction measures if necessary.

In summary, DC motors and AC motors have their respective strengths and weaknesses in terms of performance and efficiency. DC motors excel in speed control, starting torque, reversibility, and dynamic response. AC motors, particularly three-phase induction motors, generally offer higher full load efficiency and power factor. However, DC motors can achieve higher efficiency at partial loads and have the advantage of regenerative braking. The choice between DC motors and AC motors depends on the specific application requirements, cost considerations, and the desired balance between performance and efficiency.

dc motor

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using DC motors in automotive applications?

DC (Direct Current) motors have been used in automotive applications for many years, although they have been largely replaced by other motor types such as AC (Alternating Current) motors and brushless DC motors in modern vehicles. However, there are still some advantages and disadvantages associated with using DC motors in automotive applications. Here’s a detailed explanation of the advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages of Using DC Motors in Automotive Applications:

1. Cost: DC motors tend to be less expensive compared to other motor types, such as AC motors or brushless DC motors. This cost advantage can make them an attractive option for certain automotive applications, especially in budget-conscious scenarios.

2. Simple Control: DC motors have a relatively simple control system. By adjusting the voltage applied to the motor, the speed and torque can be easily controlled. This simplicity of control can be advantageous in automotive applications where basic speed control is sufficient.

3. High Torque at Low Speeds: DC motors can provide high torque even at low speeds, making them suitable for applications that require high starting torque or precise low-speed control. This characteristic can be beneficial for automotive applications such as power windows, windshield wipers, or seat adjustments.

4. Compact Size: DC motors can be designed in compact sizes, making them suitable for automotive applications where space is limited. Their small form factor allows for easier integration into tight spaces within the vehicle.

Disadvantages of Using DC Motors in Automotive Applications:

1. Limited Efficiency: DC motors are typically less efficient compared to other motor types, such as AC motors or brushless DC motors. They can experience energy losses due to brush friction and electrical resistance, resulting in lower overall efficiency. Lower efficiency can lead to increased power consumption and reduced fuel economy in automotive applications.

2. Maintenance Requirements: DC motors that utilize brushes for commutation require regular maintenance. The brushes can wear out over time and may need to be replaced periodically, adding to the maintenance and operating costs. In contrast, brushless DC motors or AC motors do not have this maintenance requirement.

3. Limited Speed Range: DC motors have a limited speed range compared to other motor types. They may not be suitable for applications that require high-speed operation or a broad range of speed control. In automotive applications where high-speed performance is crucial, other motor types may be preferred.

4. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI): DC motors can generate electromagnetic interference, which can interfere with the operation of other electronic components in the vehicle. This interference may require additional measures, such as shielding or filtering, to mitigate its effects and ensure proper functioning of other vehicle systems.

5. Brush Wear and Noise: DC motors that use brushes can produce noise during operation, and the brushes themselves can wear out over time. This brush wear can result in increased noise levels and potentially impact the overall lifespan and performance of the motor.

While DC motors offer certain advantages in terms of cost, simplicity of control, and high torque at low speeds, they also come with disadvantages such as limited efficiency, maintenance requirements, and electromagnetic interference. These factors have led to the adoption of other motor types, such as brushless DC motors and AC motors, in many modern automotive applications. However, DC motors may still find use in specific automotive systems where their characteristics align with the requirements of the application.

China high quality 35kv 72V 2500rpm D107L165 Waterproof Electric DC Motor 5000W for Outboard Engine   vacuum pump brakesChina high quality 35kv 72V 2500rpm D107L165 Waterproof Electric DC Motor 5000W for Outboard Engine   vacuum pump brakes
editor by CX 2024-05-16

China OEM Custom 60V 70kv Compact Waterproof Brushless DC Motor 2000W for Outboard Engine vacuum pump oil near me

Product Description

 

Auto Dyno Testing

 

Product Description

Quanly D65L161 Series BLDC motors feature slotted design with internal rotor diameter at 65mm, compact & ruggedized, excellent heat dissipation, and waterproof. Thanks to the reduced air gap, the flux density is higher and torque production is more effective and efficient. Suitable for electric marine propulsion industry when your application requires accurate control of speed, torque and position.

Can be customized for 

– Sensor or sensorless
– Winding Current
– Shaft Options
– Cable and Connector
– Kv Ratings
– Mounting Options
– Encoder or Non

Product Parameters

 

Variants D65L161-150 D65L161-125 D65L161-95  D65L161-76
Turn 2.5T  3T 4T 5T
LiPo/voltage Range 5-22S (16-84V) 6-24S(20-100.8V) 8-32S (25-134.4V) 10-40S (32-168V)
Max RPM 12,600  12,600  12,768 12,768
Kv Rating 150 125 95 76
No-load current at 8.4V 2.6A 2.0A 1.5A 1.2A
Maximum output power 11.2KW 11.0KW 10.8KW 10.6KW
Kt(N*M/A) 0.06678 0.07881 0. 0571 8 0.12189
Peak current (A)  245 220 170 140
Max torque (N*M) 15.8 15.6 15.4 15.2
Continuous working current (A) 80 70 60 50 
Effeciency  91% 91% 92% 92%
Weight(kg) 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Construction  18N/6P
Dimension  D65*L160
Extension shaft  D10*30mm
Lead wires extension  8AWGx2m
Connection plug  8.0mm plug
Service life (life)  10,000H

 

Drawing Dimension

 

Detailed Photos

 

/* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Application: Boat Engine / Marine Engine / Electric Outboard
Operating Speed: Adjust Speed
Excitation Mode: Permanent Magnet
Samples:
US$ 400/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Per motor drawing
Customization:
Available

|

.shipping-cost-tm .tm-status-off{background: none;padding:0;color: #1470cc}

Shipping Cost:

Estimated freight per unit.







about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
Payment Method:







 

Initial Payment



Full Payment
Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

dc motor

What is a DC motor, and how does it differ from other types of electric motors?

A DC (Direct Current) motor is an electric motor that converts electrical energy into mechanical motion. It operates based on the principle of electromagnetic induction and the interaction between current-carrying conductors and magnetic fields. DC motors are widely used in various applications due to their simplicity, controllability, and versatility. Here’s a detailed explanation of what a DC motor is and how it differs from other types of electric motors:

1. Basic Operation:

In a DC motor, electrical energy is supplied to the motor’s armature through a DC power source, typically a battery or a rectified power supply. The armature consists of multiple coils or windings that are evenly spaced around the motor’s rotor. The rotor is a cylindrical core with a shaft that rotates when the motor is energized. When current flows through the armature windings, it creates a magnetic field that interacts with the fixed magnetic field produced by the motor’s stator. This interaction generates a torque, causing the rotor to rotate.

2. Commutation:

DC motors employ a commutator and brushes for the conversion of electrical energy and the rotation of the rotor. The commutator consists of a segmented cylindrical ring attached to the rotor shaft, and the brushes are stationary conductive contacts that make contact with the commutator segments. As the rotor spins, the brushes maintain contact with the commutator segments, periodically reversing the direction of the current flow in the armature windings. This reversal of current flow in the armature windings ensures continuous rotation of the rotor in the same direction.

3. Types of DC Motors:

DC motors can be classified into different types based on their construction and the method of field excitation. The two main types are:

  • Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors have a mechanical commutator and brushes to switch the current direction in the armature windings. These motors are relatively simple, cost-effective, and offer good torque characteristics. However, the commutator and brushes require regular maintenance and can generate electrical noise and brush wear debris.
  • Brushless DC Motors (BLDC): Brushless DC motors, also known as electronically commutated motors (ECMs), use electronic circuits and sensors to control the current flow in the motor windings. They eliminate the need for brushes and commutators, resulting in reduced maintenance and improved reliability. BLDC motors offer higher efficiency, smoother operation, and better speed control compared to brushed DC motors.

4. Speed Control:

DC motors provide excellent speed control capabilities. By adjusting the voltage applied to the motor, the speed of the DC motor can be regulated. Lowering the voltage reduces the motor’s speed, while increasing the voltage increases the speed. This feature makes DC motors suitable for applications that require precise speed control, such as robotics, conveyor systems, and electric vehicles.

5. Advantages and Disadvantages:

DC motors have several advantages, including:

  • Simple construction and easy maintenance (for brushed DC motors).
  • High starting torque.
  • Precise speed control.
  • Good controllability over a wide range of loads.

However, DC motors also have some limitations, such as:

  • Brushed DC motors require periodic maintenance and have limited brush life.
  • Brushed DC motors can generate electrical noise.
  • Brushless DC motors are often more expensive compared to brushed DC motors.

6. Differences from Other Electric Motors:

DC motors differ from other types of electric motors, such as AC (Alternating Current) motors, in several ways:

  • Power Source: DC motors require a DC power source, while AC motors operate from an AC power supply.
  • Speed Control: DC motors offer precise speed control by adjusting the applied voltage, whereas AC motors typically rely on frequency control for speed regulation.
  • Construction: DC motors use a commutator and brushes (in brushed DC motors) or electronic commutation (in brushless DC motors), while AC motors do not require commutation.
  • Starting Torque: DC motors typically provide higher starting torque compared to AC motors.

Overall, DC motors are versatile and widely used in various applications due to their controllability, speed regulation capabilities, and simplicity. The advancements inpower electronics and motor control technologies have further enhanced the performance and efficiency of DC motors, making them a popular choice in many industries.

dc motor

How do DC motors compare to AC motors in terms of performance and efficiency?

When comparing DC (Direct Current) motors and AC (Alternating Current) motors, several factors come into play, including performance and efficiency. Here’s a detailed explanation of how DC motors and AC motors compare in terms of performance and efficiency:

1. Performance:

Speed Control: DC motors typically offer better speed control compared to AC motors. DC motors can be easily controlled by varying the voltage applied to the armature, allowing for precise and smooth speed regulation. On the other hand, AC motors rely on complex control methods such as variable frequency drives (VFDs) to achieve speed control, which can be more challenging and costly.

Starting Torque: DC motors generally provide higher starting torque compared to AC motors. The presence of a separate field winding in DC motors allows for independent control of the field current, enabling higher torque during motor startup. AC motors, especially induction motors, typically have lower starting torque, requiring additional starting mechanisms or devices.

Reversibility: DC motors offer inherent reversibility, meaning they can easily change their rotational direction by reversing the polarity of the applied voltage. AC motors, particularly induction motors, require more complex control mechanisms to achieve reversible operation.

Dynamic Response: DC motors have faster dynamic response characteristics compared to AC motors. They can quickly accelerate or decelerate, making them suitable for applications that require rapid changes in speed or precise control, such as robotics or servo systems.

2. Efficiency:

Full Load Efficiency: AC motors, especially three-phase induction motors, generally exhibit higher full load efficiencies compared to DC motors. This efficiency advantage is primarily due to the absence of commutation and the use of a rotating magnetic field in AC motors, which results in reduced energy losses and improved efficiency.

Partial Load Efficiency: DC motors can have higher efficiency at partial loads compared to AC motors. DC motors can be controlled by adjusting the armature voltage, allowing them to operate at reduced power while maintaining relatively high efficiency. AC motors, especially induction motors, may experience reduced efficiency at partial loads due to factors such as increased iron losses and reduced power factor.

Regenerative Braking: DC motors offer the advantage of regenerative braking, where the motor acts as a generator and converts kinetic energy into electrical energy during deceleration or braking. This regenerative braking capability allows for energy recovery, increasing overall system efficiency. AC motors typically require additional components or systems to achieve regenerative braking.

Power Factor: AC motors, when properly designed and operated, can have a power factor close to unity. This means that they draw relatively low reactive power from the electrical grid, resulting in improved power system efficiency. DC motors, on the other hand, may exhibit a lower power factor and require power factor correction measures if necessary.

In summary, DC motors and AC motors have their respective strengths and weaknesses in terms of performance and efficiency. DC motors excel in speed control, starting torque, reversibility, and dynamic response. AC motors, particularly three-phase induction motors, generally offer higher full load efficiency and power factor. However, DC motors can achieve higher efficiency at partial loads and have the advantage of regenerative braking. The choice between DC motors and AC motors depends on the specific application requirements, cost considerations, and the desired balance between performance and efficiency.

dc motor

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using DC motors in automotive applications?

DC (Direct Current) motors have been used in automotive applications for many years, although they have been largely replaced by other motor types such as AC (Alternating Current) motors and brushless DC motors in modern vehicles. However, there are still some advantages and disadvantages associated with using DC motors in automotive applications. Here’s a detailed explanation of the advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages of Using DC Motors in Automotive Applications:

1. Cost: DC motors tend to be less expensive compared to other motor types, such as AC motors or brushless DC motors. This cost advantage can make them an attractive option for certain automotive applications, especially in budget-conscious scenarios.

2. Simple Control: DC motors have a relatively simple control system. By adjusting the voltage applied to the motor, the speed and torque can be easily controlled. This simplicity of control can be advantageous in automotive applications where basic speed control is sufficient.

3. High Torque at Low Speeds: DC motors can provide high torque even at low speeds, making them suitable for applications that require high starting torque or precise low-speed control. This characteristic can be beneficial for automotive applications such as power windows, windshield wipers, or seat adjustments.

4. Compact Size: DC motors can be designed in compact sizes, making them suitable for automotive applications where space is limited. Their small form factor allows for easier integration into tight spaces within the vehicle.

Disadvantages of Using DC Motors in Automotive Applications:

1. Limited Efficiency: DC motors are typically less efficient compared to other motor types, such as AC motors or brushless DC motors. They can experience energy losses due to brush friction and electrical resistance, resulting in lower overall efficiency. Lower efficiency can lead to increased power consumption and reduced fuel economy in automotive applications.

2. Maintenance Requirements: DC motors that utilize brushes for commutation require regular maintenance. The brushes can wear out over time and may need to be replaced periodically, adding to the maintenance and operating costs. In contrast, brushless DC motors or AC motors do not have this maintenance requirement.

3. Limited Speed Range: DC motors have a limited speed range compared to other motor types. They may not be suitable for applications that require high-speed operation or a broad range of speed control. In automotive applications where high-speed performance is crucial, other motor types may be preferred.

4. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI): DC motors can generate electromagnetic interference, which can interfere with the operation of other electronic components in the vehicle. This interference may require additional measures, such as shielding or filtering, to mitigate its effects and ensure proper functioning of other vehicle systems.

5. Brush Wear and Noise: DC motors that use brushes can produce noise during operation, and the brushes themselves can wear out over time. This brush wear can result in increased noise levels and potentially impact the overall lifespan and performance of the motor.

While DC motors offer certain advantages in terms of cost, simplicity of control, and high torque at low speeds, they also come with disadvantages such as limited efficiency, maintenance requirements, and electromagnetic interference. These factors have led to the adoption of other motor types, such as brushless DC motors and AC motors, in many modern automotive applications. However, DC motors may still find use in specific automotive systems where their characteristics align with the requirements of the application.

China OEM Custom 60V 70kv Compact Waterproof Brushless DC Motor 2000W for Outboard Engine   vacuum pump oil near me		China OEM Custom 60V 70kv Compact Waterproof Brushless DC Motor 2000W for Outboard Engine   vacuum pump oil near me
editor by CX 2024-04-26

China Good quality Max Thrust 34lbs 12V DC Electric Boat Outboard Motor vacuum pump brakes

Product Description

Max thrust 34lbs 12V DC Electric boat outboard motor

Product Description

This boat outboard motor suit for 2-5m length small boat CHINAMFG a short distance. Also can be used for middle boat as a auxiliary propulsion.

  1. Input: 12-24V DC
  2. Thrust: 18/34/44/54/65 LBS
  3. Bracket: Reinforced Nylon & Aluminum metal alloy
  4. Handle: Telescoping & Fixed by select
  5. Speed: 5-sp forward, 2-sp reverse
  6. Propeller: 2 leaf wheedless
  7. Meter: LED lighted power indicator

Product Parameters

Electric boat motor

Model Max Thrust Control Speed Voltage Max Current Installation Recommend Battery Battery qty
F18 18 lbs By hand For 2/Re 2 12 15 Mount Assembly 12V*100AH 1
F34 34 lbs By hand For 5/Re 2 12 32 Mount Assembly 12V*100AH 1
F44 44 lbs By hand For 5/Re 2 12 40 Mount Assembly 12V*120AH 1
F54 54 lbs By hand For 5/Re 2 12 48 Mount Assembly 12V*120AH 1
F65 65 lbs By hand For 5/Re 2 24 42 Mount Assembly 12V*120AH 1

 

Using & Storage

Please do not use the boat outboard motor in salt water. Please do not use the motor in the water have many sundries and foul condition. Do not use as main power of collision amusement and CHINAMFG transport. Problems caused by these above will be deemed as operating errors. Lubricate both moving parts and screws, and then remove motor and store in a well-ventilated and dry place. Do not leave motor outdoor during winter for long time no use. This will damage the permanent magnet in the motor.

 

Factory & Work shop

 

/* January 22, 2571 19:08:37 */!function(){function s(e,r){var a,o={};try{e&&e.split(“,”).forEach(function(e,t){e&&(a=e.match(/(.*?):(.*)$/))&&1

Application: Power Tools
Operating Speed: Adjust Speed
Excitation Mode: Compound
Function: Driving
Casing Protection: Protection Type
Number of Poles: 2
Samples:
US$ 129/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Customization:
Available

|

dc motor

Can you explain the basic working principle behind a DC motor?

A DC (Direct Current) motor operates based on the fundamental principle of electromagnetic induction. It converts electrical energy into mechanical motion by utilizing the interaction between magnetic fields and current-carrying conductors. Here’s a detailed explanation of the basic working principle behind a DC motor:

1. Construction:

A DC motor consists of several key components:

  • Stator: The stator is the stationary part of the motor and typically consists of permanent magnets or electromagnets that produce a fixed magnetic field.
  • Rotor: The rotor is the moving part of the motor and is connected to the shaft. It contains coils or windings that carry the armature current.
  • Armature: The armature is the core of the rotor that holds the armature windings. The windings are usually made of copper wire and are evenly spaced around the armature.
  • Commutator: The commutator is a cylindrical ring attached to the rotor shaft. It consists of multiple segments, usually made of copper, that are insulated from each other.
  • Brushes: The brushes are stationary contacts that make physical contact with the commutator segments. They are typically made of carbon or graphite and provide electrical connections to the armature windings.

2. Electromagnetic Induction:

When a current-carrying conductor is placed in a magnetic field, it experiences a force due to the interaction between the magnetic field and the current. This phenomenon is described by the right-hand rule, where the direction of the force is perpendicular to both the current direction and the magnetic field direction.

3. Motor Operation:

When a DC motor is powered, a DC voltage is applied to the armature windings through the brushes and commutator. The current flowing through the armature windings creates a magnetic field around the windings. This magnetic field interacts with the fixed magnetic field produced by the stator, resulting in a force that causes the rotor to rotate.

4. Commutation:

The commutation process is crucial for the continuous rotation of the rotor in a DC motor. As the rotor spins, the brushes make contact with different commutator segments, effectively reversing the direction of the current in the armature windings at the appropriate timing. This reversal of current flow ensures that the torque generated in the armature windings is always in the same direction, allowing for continuous rotation of the rotor.

5. Speed Control:

The speed of a DC motor can be controlled by varying the applied voltage. Reducing the voltage results in a decrease in the magnetic field strength, which in turn decreases the force acting on the armature windings. This reduction in force leads to a decrease in the motor’s speed. Conversely, increasing the voltage increases the speed of the motor. Precise speed control can be achieved by using electronic circuits to regulate the voltage supplied to the motor.

6. Advantages and Applications:

DC motors offer several advantages, including:

  • High starting torque, making them suitable for applications requiring high initial force.
  • Excellent speed control capabilities, allowing for precise and adjustable speed regulation.
  • Relatively simple construction and ease of maintenance.
  • Wide range of sizes and power ratings, making them adaptable to various applications.

DC motors find extensive use in numerous applications, such as robotics, industrial automation, electric vehicles, appliances, and more.

By understanding the basic working principle behind a DC motor, one can appreciate its functionality and explore its applications in different fields.

dc motor

How is the efficiency of a DC motor determined, and what factors can affect it?

In a DC (Direct Current) motor, efficiency refers to the ratio of the motor’s output power (mechanical power) to its input power (electrical power). It is a measure of how effectively the motor converts electrical energy into mechanical work. The efficiency of a DC motor can be determined by considering several factors that affect its performance. Here’s a detailed explanation of how the efficiency of a DC motor is determined and the factors that can influence it:

The efficiency of a DC motor is calculated using the following formula:

Efficiency = (Output Power / Input Power) × 100%

1. Output Power: The output power of a DC motor is the mechanical power produced at the motor’s shaft. It can be calculated using the formula:

Output Power = Torque × Angular Speed

The torque is the rotational force exerted by the motor, and the angular speed is the rate at which the motor rotates. The output power represents the useful work or mechanical energy delivered by the motor.

2. Input Power: The input power of a DC motor is the electrical power supplied to the motor. It can be calculated using the formula:

Input Power = Voltage × Current

The voltage is the electrical potential difference applied to the motor, and the current is the amount of electrical current flowing through the motor. The input power represents the electrical energy consumed by the motor.

Once the output power and input power are determined, the efficiency can be calculated using the formula mentioned earlier.

Several factors can influence the efficiency of a DC motor:

1. Copper Losses:

Copper losses occur due to the resistance of the copper windings in the motor. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Higher resistance or increased current flow leads to greater copper losses and reduces the efficiency of the motor. Using thicker wire for the windings and minimizing resistance can help reduce copper losses.

2. Iron Losses:

Iron losses occur due to magnetic hysteresis and eddy currents in the motor’s iron core. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Using high-quality laminated iron cores and minimizing magnetic flux variations can help reduce iron losses and improve efficiency.

3. Friction and Windage Losses:

Friction and windage losses occur due to mechanical friction between moving parts and air resistance. These losses result in the conversion of mechanical energy into heat. Proper lubrication, efficient bearing systems, and aerodynamically optimized designs can help minimize friction and windage losses.

4. Brush and Commutator Losses:

In brushed DC motors, brush and commutator losses occur due to the friction and electrical resistance at the brush-commutator interface. These losses result in the conversion of electrical energy into heat. Using high-quality brushes and commutators, reducing brush voltage drop, and minimizing the number of commutator segments can help reduce these losses.

5. Magnetic Field Design:

The design of the magnetic field in the motor significantly affects its efficiency. Optimizing the magnetic field for the specific application, such as selecting appropriate magnet materials or designing efficient electromagnets, can improve the motor’s efficiency.

6. Motor Load:

The load on the motor, including the torque and speed requirements, can impact its efficiency. Operating the motor close to its optimal load conditions or utilizing speed control techniques, such as pulse width modulation (PWM), can help improve efficiency by reducing unnecessary power consumption.

7. Motor Size and Construction:

The size and construction of the motor can influence its efficiency. Properly sizing the motor for the intended application and optimizing the design for reduced losses, improved cooling, and efficient heat dissipation can enhance overall efficiency.

It’s important to note that the efficiency of a DC motor is typically highest at or near its rated load conditions. Deviating significantly from the rated load can result in reduced efficiency.

In summary, the efficiency of a DC motor is determined by comparing the output power to the input power. Factors such as copper losses, iron losses, friction and windage losses, brush and commutator losses, magnetic field design, motor load, and motor size and construction can all influence the efficiency of a DC motor. By considering and optimizing these factors, the overall efficiency of the motor can be improved.

dc motor

Can DC motors be used in robotics, and if so, what are some notable applications?

Yes, DC (Direct Current) motors can be used in robotics, and they are widely employed in various robotic applications. DC motors offer several advantages that make them suitable for robotic systems, including their controllability, compact size, and versatility. Here’s a detailed explanation of how DC motors are used in robotics and some notable applications:

DC Motors in Robotics:

DC motors are commonly used in robotics due to their ability to provide precise speed control and torque output. They can be easily controlled by adjusting the voltage applied to the motor, allowing for accurate and responsive motion control in robotic systems. Additionally, DC motors can be designed in compact sizes, making them suitable for applications with limited space and weight constraints.

There are two main types of DC motors used in robotics:

  1. DC Brushed Motors: These motors have a commutator and carbon brushes that provide the electrical connection to the rotating armature. They are relatively simple in design and cost-effective. However, they may require maintenance due to brush wear.
  2. DC Brushless Motors: These motors use electronic commutation instead of brushes, resulting in improved reliability and reduced maintenance requirements. They are often more efficient and offer higher power density compared to brushed motors.

Notable Applications of DC Motors in Robotics:

DC motors find applications in various robotic systems across different industries. Here are some notable examples:

1. Robotic Manipulators: DC motors are commonly used in robotic arms and manipulators to control the movement of joints and end-effectors. They provide precise control over position, speed, and torque, allowing robots to perform tasks such as pick-and-place operations, assembly, and material handling in industrial automation, manufacturing, and logistics.

2. Mobile Robots: DC motors are extensively utilized in mobile robots, including autonomous vehicles, drones, and rovers. They power the wheels or propellers, enabling the robot to navigate and move in different environments. DC motors with high torque output are particularly useful for off-road or rugged terrain applications.

3. Humanoid Robots: DC motors play a critical role in humanoid robots, which aim to replicate human-like movements and capabilities. They are employed in various joints, including those of the head, arms, legs, and hands, allowing humanoid robots to perform complex movements and tasks such as walking, grasping objects, and facial expressions.

4. Robotic Exoskeletons: DC motors are used in robotic exoskeletons, which are wearable devices designed to enhance human strength and mobility. They provide the necessary actuation and power for assisting or augmenting human movements, such as walking, lifting heavy objects, and rehabilitation purposes.

5. Educational Robotics: DC motors are popular in educational robotics platforms and kits, including those used in schools, universities, and hobbyist projects. They provide a cost-effective and accessible way for students and enthusiasts to learn about robotics, programming, and control systems.

6. Precision Robotics: DC motors with high-precision control are employed in applications that require precise positioning and motion control, such as robotic surgery systems, laboratory automation, and 3D printing. The ability of DC motors to achieve accurate and repeatable movements makes them suitable for tasks that demand high levels of precision.

These are just a few examples of how DC motors are used in robotics. The flexibility, controllability, and compactness of DC motors make them a popular choice in a wide range of robotic applications, contributing to the advancement of automation, exploration, healthcare, and other industries.

China Good quality Max Thrust 34lbs 12V DC Electric Boat Outboard Motor   vacuum pump brakesChina Good quality Max Thrust 34lbs 12V DC Electric Boat Outboard Motor   vacuum pump brakes
editor by CX 2024-04-26

China Hot selling CHINAMFG D107L125 Waterproof 18kw Brushless DC Motor 100kv for Outboard Engine supplier

Product Description

 

Product Description

With an advanced 10-pole encapsulated core and 107mm

diameter, this series compact DC motors deliver high torque up to

22 N.M with maximum output power at 18KW.

Thanks to the unique sealing configuration design, these motors

are tested waterproof IP68 according to ingress protection class,

and can be operated permanently underwater and applied in dusty

environments.

We can also customize the winding to perfectly match your

voltage, current, and maximum operating speed. Special shaft

modifications, cables and connectors are available CHINAMFG request.

Can be customized for 

– Sensor or sensorless
– Winding Current
– Shaft Options
– Cable and Connector
– Kv Ratings
– Mounting Options
– Encoder or Non

 

Product Parameters

Model P/N D107L125-275 D107L125-230 D107L125-200 D107L125-173 D107L125-150
Winding Turn & Connection 2.5T 3T 3.5T 4T 4.5T
LiPo/Voltage Range 6-12S 6-14S 8-16S 8-18S    12-20S 
Max Spin Speed (RPM) 13,104  13,524  13,440  12,852  12,600 
Speed Constance kV (RPM/V) 275 230 200 173 153
Torque Constance Kt (N*M/A) 0.5711 0.048694 0. 0571 77 0.064926 0.57141
NO Loading Current at 8.4V(A) 3.5  3.2A 2.8  2.5  2.2 
Max Power (KW) 17.3  17.5  18.6  17.5  17.8 
Peak Current (A) 480  430  380  340  300 
Effeciency 89.0% 90.0% 90.0% 91.0% 91.0%
Max Torque at 60% (N*M) 19  20  21  21  22 
Rating Power (KW) 14.0  14.2  15.6  14.0  14.5 
Rating Torque (N*M) 12.8 13.5 13.6 13.8 14.3
Weight (KG) 4.1
Construction 12N/10P
Cooling Solution water cooling +air cooling
Dimension(mm) D107xL125 mm
Max Working Temp. 120ºC
Insulation Voltage & Leak Current AC500V/10MA/3S
Shaft Extension(mm) D15*L30
Lead Wires Extension 6AWGx300mm
Plug or Connector 10.0mm plug
Life Span 8000H

 

Drawing Dimension

 

Wiring Diagram

 

Auto Dyno Testing

 

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Application: Outboard Engine
Operating Speed: Adjust Speed
Excitation Mode: Permanent Magnetism
Samples:
US$ 580/Piece
1 Piece(Min.Order)

|

Order Sample

Kv / Sensor / Shaft / Cable length / Mounting
Customization:
Available

|

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about shipping cost and estimated delivery time.
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Currency: US$
Return&refunds: You can apply for a refund up to 30 days after receipt of the products.

dc motor

What are the key differences between brushed and brushless DC motors?

Brushed and brushless DC motors are two distinct types of motors that differ in their construction, operation, and performance characteristics. Here’s a detailed explanation of the key differences between brushed and brushless DC motors:

1. Construction:

Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors have a relatively simple construction. They consist of a rotor with armature windings and a commutator, and a stator with permanent magnets or electromagnets. The commutator and brushes make physical contact to provide electrical connections to the armature windings.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors have a more complex construction. They typically consist of a stationary stator with permanent magnets or electromagnets and a rotor with multiple coils or windings. The rotor does not have a commutator or brushes.

2. Commutation:

Brushed DC Motors: In brushed DC motors, the commutator and brushes are responsible for the commutation process. The brushes make contact with different segments of the commutator, reversing the direction of the current through the armature windings as the rotor rotates. This switching of the current direction generates the necessary torque for motor rotation.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors use electronic commutation instead of mechanical commutation. The commutation process is managed by an external electronic controller or driver. The controller determines the timing and sequence of energizing the stator windings based on the rotor position, allowing for precise control of motor operation.

3. Efficiency:

Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors tend to have lower efficiency compared to brushless DC motors. This is primarily due to the energy losses associated with the brushes and commutation process. The friction and wear between the brushes and commutator result in additional power dissipation and reduce overall motor efficiency.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors are known for their higher efficiency. Since they eliminate the use of brushes and commutators, there are fewer energy losses and lower frictional losses. The electronic commutation system allows for precise control of the motor’s operation, maximizing efficiency and reducing power consumption.

4. Maintenance:

Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors require regular maintenance due to the wear and tear of the brushes and commutator. The brushes need periodic replacement, and the commutator requires cleaning to maintain proper electrical contact. The maintenance requirements contribute to additional costs and downtime for brushed DC motors.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors have a relatively maintenance-free operation. As they do not have brushes or commutators, there is no need for brush replacement or commutator cleaning. This results in reduced maintenance costs and increased reliability of brushless DC motors.

5. Speed Control:

Brushed DC Motors: Brushed DC motors offer simpler speed control options. The speed can be controlled by adjusting the applied voltage or by varying the resistance in the armature circuit. This allows for relatively straightforward speed regulation.

Brushless DC Motors: Brushless DC motors provide more advanced and precise speed control capabilities. The speed can be controlled through the electronic commutation system by adjusting the timing and sequence of the stator windings’ energization. This allows for precise control of the motor’s speed and acceleration.

These key differences between brushed and brushless DC motors make each type suitable for different applications depending on factors such as efficiency requirements, maintenance considerations, and control complexity.

dc motor

Can you explain the concept of armature winding in a DC motor?

In a DC (Direct Current) motor, the armature winding is a crucial component that plays a significant role in the motor’s operation. It is responsible for producing the magnetic field that interacts with the stator’s magnetic field, resulting in the generation of torque and the rotation of the motor. Here’s a detailed explanation of the concept of armature winding in a DC motor:

The armature winding is a coil or set of coils made of insulated wire that is wound around the armature core, which is typically a laminated iron core. The armature winding is located on the rotor of the motor and is connected to the commutator. It carries the armature current, which is the current that flows through the winding to create the magnetic field. The armature winding is usually made of copper wire due to its excellent electrical conductivity.

When a current passes through the armature winding, it generates a magnetic field around the winding according to Ampere’s circuital law. The direction of the magnetic field is determined by the right-hand rule, where the thumb represents the direction of the current flow, and the curled fingers indicate the direction of the magnetic field.

The interaction between the magnetic field produced by the armature winding and the magnetic field produced by the stator’s permanent magnets or electromagnets creates a mechanical force, known as torque. This torque causes the rotor to rotate, converting electrical energy into mechanical motion.

The armature winding is designed in such a way that it produces a multipole magnetic field. The number of poles in the winding corresponds to the number of poles in the stator’s magnetic field. This ensures that the magnetic fields of the armature and stator are properly aligned for efficient torque generation.

The armature winding is connected to the commutator, which is a cylindrical ring with multiple segments that are insulated from each other. As the rotor spins, the brushes make physical contact with different segments of the commutator, effectively reversing the direction of the current in the armature winding. This reversal of current flow ensures that the torque generated in the armature winding is always in the same direction, enabling continuous rotation of the rotor.

The design and configuration of the armature winding, including the number of turns, wire gauge, and connection scheme, can influence the motor’s performance characteristics, such as torque, speed, and efficiency. Optimal winding design is crucial for achieving the desired motor performance in various applications.

In summary, the armature winding in a DC motor is responsible for producing the magnetic field that interacts with the stator’s magnetic field, resulting in the generation of torque and the rotation of the motor. It is a critical component that facilitates the conversion of electrical energy into mechanical motion.

dc motor

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using DC motors in automotive applications?

DC (Direct Current) motors have been used in automotive applications for many years, although they have been largely replaced by other motor types such as AC (Alternating Current) motors and brushless DC motors in modern vehicles. However, there are still some advantages and disadvantages associated with using DC motors in automotive applications. Here’s a detailed explanation of the advantages and disadvantages:

Advantages of Using DC Motors in Automotive Applications:

1. Cost: DC motors tend to be less expensive compared to other motor types, such as AC motors or brushless DC motors. This cost advantage can make them an attractive option for certain automotive applications, especially in budget-conscious scenarios.

2. Simple Control: DC motors have a relatively simple control system. By adjusting the voltage applied to the motor, the speed and torque can be easily controlled. This simplicity of control can be advantageous in automotive applications where basic speed control is sufficient.

3. High Torque at Low Speeds: DC motors can provide high torque even at low speeds, making them suitable for applications that require high starting torque or precise low-speed control. This characteristic can be beneficial for automotive applications such as power windows, windshield wipers, or seat adjustments.

4. Compact Size: DC motors can be designed in compact sizes, making them suitable for automotive applications where space is limited. Their small form factor allows for easier integration into tight spaces within the vehicle.

Disadvantages of Using DC Motors in Automotive Applications:

1. Limited Efficiency: DC motors are typically less efficient compared to other motor types, such as AC motors or brushless DC motors. They can experience energy losses due to brush friction and electrical resistance, resulting in lower overall efficiency. Lower efficiency can lead to increased power consumption and reduced fuel economy in automotive applications.

2. Maintenance Requirements: DC motors that utilize brushes for commutation require regular maintenance. The brushes can wear out over time and may need to be replaced periodically, adding to the maintenance and operating costs. In contrast, brushless DC motors or AC motors do not have this maintenance requirement.

3. Limited Speed Range: DC motors have a limited speed range compared to other motor types. They may not be suitable for applications that require high-speed operation or a broad range of speed control. In automotive applications where high-speed performance is crucial, other motor types may be preferred.

4. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI): DC motors can generate electromagnetic interference, which can interfere with the operation of other electronic components in the vehicle. This interference may require additional measures, such as shielding or filtering, to mitigate its effects and ensure proper functioning of other vehicle systems.

5. Brush Wear and Noise: DC motors that use brushes can produce noise during operation, and the brushes themselves can wear out over time. This brush wear can result in increased noise levels and potentially impact the overall lifespan and performance of the motor.

While DC motors offer certain advantages in terms of cost, simplicity of control, and high torque at low speeds, they also come with disadvantages such as limited efficiency, maintenance requirements, and electromagnetic interference. These factors have led to the adoption of other motor types, such as brushless DC motors and AC motors, in many modern automotive applications. However, DC motors may still find use in specific automotive systems where their characteristics align with the requirements of the application.

China Hot selling CHINAMFG D107L125 Waterproof 18kw Brushless DC Motor 100kv for Outboard Engine   supplier China Hot selling CHINAMFG D107L125 Waterproof 18kw Brushless DC Motor 100kv for Outboard Engine   supplier
editor by CX 2024-04-23